Building Blocks of Sentences

 

 

Basic English. Parts of Speech. Sentences

 

Building Blocks of Sentences: Combining Words in Larger Units

We have seen how we can classify individual words into one of the eight different parts of speech.

We will now look at how to combine words into larger units such as phrases, clauses and sentences.

Combining words

 

Phrases

A phrase is a group of words that form a part of a sentence. Phrases do not express a complete thought and they do not contain both a subject and verb.

The major types of phrases include:

phrases


Clauses

A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb.

There are two types of clauses: independent/principal clauses and dependent/subordinate clauses.

Independent clauses express a complete thought and can stand alone.

Dependent clauses cannot stand alone and must be attached to an independent clause.

clauses

 

Sentences

There are four types of sentences:

Types of Sentences
We will see the differences in these four types of sentences in the next module.